General information about Evpatoria
Modern Evpatoria - a relatively small seaside town, there are more than 113,3 thousand people. The southern boundary of the city - Kalamitsky Gulf Coast, east to the outskirts of looms largest in the Crimea Sasyk lake from the west - Moinakskoye Lake (Moinak "- a word of Turkic origin, meaning" star "). Some estuaries are located along the main thoroughfare of the village Zaozerne, which evpatoriytsy commonly referred to as district "Seagull". All estuaries and lakes are separated from the Black Sea by narrow peresypi. In the north, just outside the city neighborhoods, begins hilly steppe.
Yevpatoria - one of the oldest cities in the south of Ukraine. Founded in the IV century BC and has three historical names: Kerkinitida, Chersonese, Evpatoria. Archaeological excavations confirm that in ancient times to the present site was a settlement Evpatoria Greek colonists. In 1964, the area Evpatoria been discovered and studied an eye-lo 30 ancient tombs, the oldest of which is from 4.5 to 5 thousand years.
In the V-IV vv. BC Greeks founded the colony, known as Cercinitis. Kerkinitida was associated with Chersonese Taurian, conducted trade with local tribes. Its existence can be traced to the IV century. AD It had fallen, apparently under the blows of the Huns arrived in the Crimea. After the invasion of the Huns in the Crimea lay the path of many other nomads.
Very little information has reached us about the early medieval period of history. After the invasion of the Crimea during the XIII century. Mongol-Tatars in written sources emerges a new name of the city-fortress - Gezdev, which in translation from Turkic means "house-eye. In the Middle Ages, the city sold not only animal products, gifts, gardens and vegetable gardens, but also slaves. More recently, in the old part of Evpatoria could see the remains of the fortress wall XVI century. and the gate through which drove the prisoners captured during raids on neighboring Ukrainian and Russian land to sell to the slave market in Gezleve, who was one of the centers of the slave trade in the Crimea. Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, descended from the camp on the Dnieper, not just burst into Gezlev and freed slaves.
In 1783 the town was renamed in Evpatoria.
development Evpatoria resort as nachalso at the end of the 19.
attracted holiday-makers here in the first place Moinakskoye therapeutic mud. In 1905 the Evpatoria was built Russia's first climatological sanatorium. By 1914 the city had three resort for adults and five children for the summer (only 635 seats). All of them were private.
In 1913, the city has its first tramway, and in 1915 in Evpatoria was the railroad.
- Great Mosque Juma Juma
- Karaite kenasa
- St. Nicholas Cathedral
long, hot summers, warm, dry autumn, the abundance of sunny days (up to 257), there are no sharp fluctuations in air temperature. Characteristic sea breezes, the combination of warm sea and steppe climate, healthy air basins. Swimming season from May to September.
Natural curative factors Evpatoria
Nature generously endowed Evpatoria medical-strength hardenable factors, favorable climate, warm shallow sea, golden sand beaches, clean ionized air, saturated with salts of the Sea, an abundance of sun, saltwater estuaries, mineral springs, therapeutic mud. All this is used for health promotion.
sanatorium and resort institutions Evpatoria, they are about 100, mostly located in two areas - in the central resort area, stretching from downtown to Moinakskoye lake and the neighborhood "The Seagull" (in the village. Zaozerne).
Indications for directions to the resort
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, gynecological pathology, and often long-term sick children, the effects of radiation exposure.
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