Grand Canyon of Crimea (commanded in 1947) - the most magnificent gorge of the peninsula. Canyon emerged as a huge crack in the earth's crust due to active tectonic movements of Earth's giant blocks, and also under the influence of the chief sculptor - a stream Auzun Uzen (Oral). This unique object of nature hidden in the depth of the north-eastern slope of the Ai-Petri array, 6 km from the village of Hawkeye, and separated from the array of its north-eastern part. Grand Canyon strikes by its grandeur, simplicity and rugged natural uniqueness that attracts a huge number of tourists.
The first Grand Canyon as a natural monument, described II Puzanov in 1925, and he also suggested the title, which we still use today. In 1947, the Valley was declared a monument of nature since 1974 - the State Reserve of Ukraine.
Grand Canyon - the deepest canyon of Crimea. As we move deeper into the canyon higher and steep slopes are closer to each other podstupayut opposite walls. Some restrictions do not exceed 2-3 meters and the depth reaches 250-320 m length of the canyon about 3 miles. In such locations dangerous to talk loudly - possibly triggered by an echo of rockfalls.
At the bottom of the Grand Canyon is flowing turbulent river Auzun Uzen - chief sculptor, whose waters are flowing over the millennia propylaeum rock strata, forming numerous rapids, waterfalls, and heaps of marble-like limestone boulders, as well as the original boilers and "bath", reaching 5-6 m in diameter and 2.3 m deep. The largest of the bath is called "Bath of Youth" and reaches a depth of 4 m. The water temperature here on the hottest days of 9-11 degrees. In running water dwells valuable fish - brook trout.
Typically, in a canyon noisy stream, and only in late summer and autumn when the mountains little rain falls, the canyon bed becomes almost dry and more accessible for inspection.
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