General information about Theodosia
Feodosia is situated on the south-east of the Crimea, on the shore of the bay of the same name at the junction of the foothills and steppes. To the west of the city dominated by mountainous terrain, to the north and north-east stretches a hilly plain. Old Town amphitheater lies on the northern slopes and spurs of the ridge Tepe-Oba 9, breaking in to the sea, the rocky promontory of Elijah. The western part of the city of Feodosia is adjacent to Mount Pasha Tepe120. Northern areas with an array of modern living are on the plain. Along the shores of Feodosiya Bay for many kilometers stretch beautiful sandy beaches, south of Cape Ilya coastline indented by numerous bays, the largest of which - Dvuyakornaya and Koktebel.
Feodosia Ardabda, Kafa, Keffe, Kefa, Theodosius. Has closed range in 2500 years, a circle of brilliant flowering and deep decline, the terms of fame and oblivion. The circle at the point of takeoff, and a new flowering still waiting for the city, this people of God.
modern Feodosiya district was populated by a man already in the stone age. Parking Mesolithic and Neolithic discovered by archaeologists near the village of Seaside. Archaeological finds a later period, Bronze Age and Early Iron Age indicate that there lived Cimmerians and brands.
convenient geographical location, fertility of the surrounding land, a beautiful harbor could not attract the attention of the ancient Greeks, and VI V cc. BC. e. immigrants from ma-loaziyskogo policy Miletus was founded here policy Theodosius, who soon became an important center of the grain trade.
As a result of struggle between the Bosporus and Theodosia Prick-sonesom she became part of the Bosporus and became its largest harbor housed, according to the historian Stra-boom, up to 100 ships.
In I. BC. e. after the death of Mithridates VI Feodosiia of the Pontic kingdom falls under the authority of Rome. Legend says that in the I. Mr. e. Here are the Apostle Andrew.
In the III. Fortress falls under the control of ready-Alan tribes. From this time until we reached Alanian name of Feodosia - Ardabda - "the city of seven gods." In IV. destroy the citadel of the Huns.
the second half of XIII century. but the contract with the Golden Prince of Oran-Timur its trading posts are established Genoese, calling the city in its own Kafa. In 1299, the cafe killing Horde Nogaya Khan's grandson and the latter led a large army attacks the Crimea, devastating the city, so that after this invasion, many of them have never recovered. But Kafa not only rises from the ashes, but quickly became the center of the Black Sea possessions of Genoa. Through Cafu were important trade routes, but the main item of income becomes the slave trade. In raznoyazykom city erected Catholic, Armenian-Gregorian, Eastern Orthodox churches, mosques, synagogues and kenassy.
in 1475 to replace the Genoese came to the Ottoman Turks. In the Turkish era city called Keffe remains the focus of international trade in the northern Black Sea coast, an important political, economic and cultural center. Keffe often referred to as "Lesser Istanbul", "Crimean Istanbul", "Half of Istanbul. Like all international ports, it remains a multi-ethnic city, here is the center of the Orthodox Gotska Kefayskoy diocese.
In 1771, during the regular Russian-Turkish war, the city occupied by Russian troops, at this time here is the last residence of the Crimean Khan Shahin Giray. After the inclusion of Russia in the Crimean city of the empire's greatest commandment is returned to the old name of Theodosius, and in 1787 the Empress receives a him a visit.
In the new system of economic relations Feodosia is not the place, and it gradually fell into disrepair. At the beginning of the XIX century. in the port of Feodosiya organize quarantine, and trading resumed, but the years of economic expansion alternated with periods of stagnation. Genuine economic revival Theodosia begins only at the end of XIX century., After the laying of the railway. One of the main items of export, as in Hellenistic times, becomes a seed.
During the Great Patriotic War, the front line ran through the streets of four cities. The honorary title "Theodosia" received nine units and formations of the Red Army liberated the city in spring 1944 in 1982 Theodosia was awarded the Order of Patriotic War I degree. Postwar Theodosius developed primarily as part of the military-industrial complex: many of its enterprises and research organizations specializing in underwater shipbuilding, aerospace, optical production.
population of the city over 86 thousand people. In line with the Big Feodosia city are townships Seashore, Ordzhonikidze, Koktebel Schebetovka, spa and ten villages, where there are more software thousand inhabitants. The city built modern neighborhoods, landscaped embankment, piled new beaches, parks and squares are divided. Attractions
- Mosque Mufti-Jami
- National Art Gallery named IKAivazovsky
- literary-memorial museum of Alexander Green
- air condenser bowl Siebold
Climate Theodosia, warm and dry enough, successfully combines the influence of the sea, the plains and foothills. High summer temperatures is transferred relatively easily through the action of refreshing breezes. Winter is short, with little snow. Sea bathing season lasts from May to October. The average annual number of sunshine hours (2272 hours) Theodosius surpasses many other Southern resorts. The air is filled with aromas of Theodosius steppes and foothills, iodide salty sea breeze and ... breath of history.
Natural curative factors Feodosia Seaside
steppe climate, sulphate-sodium water (mineralization of 4 g / l), sulfide sodium chloride water (mineralization 7.6 g / l), sulfide silt mud lake Adzhigol. In the treatment isplzuyutsya sea bathing, arenation.
Indications for directions to the resort
Diseases of the respiratory, digestive.
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