Massandra Palace - one of the most interesting monuments of architecture of 19 century. It was built in the style of French chateaux of the Renaissance, not only the interior is striking with its magnificence, but it attracts attention and Massandrovskiy Park, declared a monument of landscape architecture. He laid in the first half of XIX century. and occupies almost 42 hectares. Massandrovskiy dvorets.Massandra.Krym.Zdes more than 250 species of trees and shrubs, among which, along with the most beautiful representatives of the Crimean flora grow exotic plants overseas.
Even the boiler room with kitchen and laundry: high chimney stylized minaret, which is in harmony with the colorful pattern tile roofs and elegant, fabulously exotic lines and cuts the walls of the building (a state-owned dacha).
Massandra Palace started in 1881, commissioned by the Governor of the heir - Prince S. M. Vorontsov, he wanted to build a small palace in the middle of the park, created by renowned horticulturist Kebahom, so I chose to build the area, packed with picturesque rocks, caves and springs .. But the dream was destined to fail, a year after the construction of Prince Vorontsov died in that time the palace was designed by French architect ME Bouchard, but after eight years, Massandra estate Vorontsov, along with the unfinished palace, bought for the Emperor Alexander III. In 1892, the construction of the palace of the project Professor ME Messmacher (1842-1906), was completed. But Alexander III live in it did not have to, because just two years later (in 1894) he died there, in the Crimea in the Small Livadia Palace.
In 1882 the family on the passing of the Prince S. M. Vorontsov construction Massandra palace for a long time has stopped, and life here came to a standstill until 1889, when Massandra acquired specific department. From 1892 to 1900 on the project of Professor M. E. Messmacher construction of the palace ensemble continued with the introduction of many changes in the decor of the facade, expressed in modern style, interior and layout of the park. Supervise the construction architect OE Wegener.
Massandrovskiy dvorets.Massandra.Krym.Novy architect M. E. Messmacher makes the building even more expressive, if a square and two round towers, peaked roof, attic and front semi-circular stair case construction of the romantic, then adding the palace terraces, open galleries, balconies Messmacher created a single palace and park ansambl.Massandrovsky dvorets.Massandra.Krym.
also changed the color of the palace: the gray walls covered with yellow metlahskoy tiles, with which perfectly gilded vase in the grand staircase, grills, double-headed eagle on the southern tower and stone carved details: cornices, capitals, windows and sculptural decoration. Beautifully looked a roof covered with flakes of slate, and unusually decorated chimneys.
on balconies and terraces of the palace, in the park, he established decorative vases and sculptures depicting Greek gods, sphinxes, chimeras, satyrs. On the eastern side built a retaining wall with a practical purpose: to landslides and torrents of water coming down from the mountains, not destroy the palace. But
adorned niches, vases, tall columns, statues and fountains, it looked like an integral part of the palace complex.
The final version of the palace acquired the character of early Baroque architecture - the style of Louis XIII. In the decorative elements of interior decoration used a variety of styles - Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, Rococo, Classicism. Each of the premises given its own unique artistic image.
participated in the design of the palace Messmacher pupils, pupils of the St. Petersburg School of Technical Drawing them. Baron AL Stieglitz. The palace was designed for recreation, so there are no apartments for receptions, ceremonial halls. Living rooms miniature, with low ceilings and cozy fireplace from the Crimean marble-like limestone.
Massandrovskiy dvorets.Massandra.Krym.Posle death of Alexander III, his son Czar Nicholas II ordered to build the palace in memory of his father, but to live in it the royal family did not. In Soviet times there was arranged a sanatorium and in 1947 the palace became the state dacha. But in 1990 he was transferred to the museum association "Palaces and Parks of the Southern coast of Crimea," to restore in him an interior-exposure time of Alexander III
Since June 1, 1992 Massandra palace there as a museum, (Massandra Palace Museum Alexander III - a branch of the State of Alupka palace and park reserve.) and thousands of tourists come to admire the fantastic beauty of the palace and admire talantMassandrovsky dvorets.Massandra.Krym.om Architects .
the first and second floors of a building a palace interiors exposition of the second half of the XIX century, established on the basis of funds Alupka Palace Museum. Rooms on the third floor occupied by steady-state exhibition.
to Massandra palace can drive from Yalta by trolleybus to the stop "Upper Massandra", a rock with a sculpture of an eagle to go on a road branching from the highway to the north, and pass it on to the palace.