Historical Boulevard and Panorama 1 st defense of Sevastopol
Historical Boulevard is popular, primarily due to the artistic panorama, created in 1905, in Munich Franz Roubaud and students of the Bavarian Academy of Arts. The huge painting depicts one of the 349 days of Defense - 6 (18) June 1855 On this day, the defenders of Sevastopol successfully repelled the assault of fortifications Ship side and Malakhov Hill Allied troops. Size of an art-piece 14 to 115 m, the area of substantive plan 900 sqm The building is also on display diorama of the underground mine warfare and Exhibition weapon of the Crimean War. Monument in honor of the defenders of the Fourth Bastion (located behind the building of the panorama), perhaps best of all the monuments on the bastions. Far from it are reproduced fighting positions batteries with breastworks and guns. The guns are real, from among those that were removed from sunken ships and mounted on the bastions of Sevastopol. In the fourth bastion fought 26-year-old Lieutenant Leo Tolstoy, the first literary fame which brought him "Sevastopol Stories».
Panorama "Defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855, the city" - the world-famous work of battle paintings and monumental heroism of the defenders of Sevastopol during the Crimean War of 1853-1856 G. The war ended in defeat for Russia. But the 349-day protection of the main Black Sea naval fortress of Sevastopol courage and fortitude amazed the whole world. The exploits of the heroes of Defense immortalized in numerous monuments. The best of them - Panorama. It created a 50-year anniversary of Defense.
work on Panorama was conducted during 1901-1904, the city of Munich. Franz Roubaud helped to create an artistic canvas and meaningful plan for artists: K. Frosch, L. Shenhen, O. Mert, and 20 students of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts. In Sevastopol, in the historic boulevard, for Panorama was built.
In 1905, 14 (27) of Panorama was opened in 1909-1911, the city - on display in St. Petersburg.
June 25, 1942 during the Great Patriotic War, during the Nazi air raids and artillery fire began to burn the building Panoramas. Defenders of the city to save a burning artistic canvas, cut it into pieces. It saved 86 fragments - a 2 / 3 picture. The leader of the destroyer "Tashkent", they were transported to Novorossiysk, the final destination of transportation - Novosibirsk. In the postwar years, it was decided to restore the panorama. Academics painting and experienced restorers examined the state of the fragments of a panorama, and decided to restore them to create on their basis of a new art-piece. Furthermore, it was restored and reconstructed building of the panorama with the use of modern equipment.
to the 100-th anniversary of the heroic defense of 1854-1855, the city panorama was opened again on Oct. 16, 1954